Every homeowner supplied by well water will already know that is can be a challenge to keep their well operating smoothly and their water tasting clean and fresh. One of the best ways to manage well water is to install a whole house water filtration system. Well water needs special attention, and there are many different types of filtration systems on the market, so which one should you choose? Every home has slightly different needs, but broadly speaking there are five vital components that you should be looking for before making a final choice.
1. A Sediment Filter
A sediment filter is also known as a pre-filter, and it’s used to trap larger particles such as rust and sand. This prevents these materials from traveling into the water filtration system where they could cause damage and impede performance.
2. An Antibacterial Component
This could be ultraviolet light or a chlorinator, one of these parts will be needed to remove any harmful bacteria that could be present in the well water supply. These bacteria can be very harmful to health, and they need to be removed to avoid illnesses. If you choose to install a chlorinator, you will also need the next component on our list.
3. An Activated Carbon Filter
Activated carbon or activated charcoal is carbon that’s been processed to have smaller lower volume pores that increase the surface area of the material. This makes activated charcoal ideal for adsorption, and chemical reaction making is ideal for removing the “swimming pool” taste associated with chlorine water treatment. An activated carbon filter will also remove any organic contaminants that are still in the water.
4. A Resin Filter
Most of the country has to deal with hard water, and this can be a real problem for any home. Elevated levels of dissolved minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, and iron, can irritate skin, damage water using appliances and plumbing. A resin filter will remove the hardness, soften the water making it easier to use and protect your appliances from damage caused by limescale.
5. A Reverse Osmosis Filter
A reverse osmosis filter is a semi-permeable membrane; water is forced through at high pressure and contaminants are trapped on the surface. This is a great way to remove salt (from the water softening) and any remaining brackishness or turbidity in the water. This is ideal for finishing the water to an extremely high standard.
The Challenges of Treating Well Water
Treating well water can be a challenge, before you to any system it’s a good idea to get your well water tested. If the water is sourced from an older well it could contain a large quantity of bacteria. There could also be unsafe quantities of lead or other hard metals present that need to be removed. Because well water is sourced from the ground, there could also be large deposits of sediment present that can affect the taste and clarity of your water. It’s also important to have a water filtration system that can adjust or even alter the water pressure supplied from your well. Finally, it’s vital that the water filtration system can handle the volume of water that you need.
Contact your local water treatment professional for expert help and advice.