What are the Three Different Types of Water

When we think about water or hear reports about it in the media, we’re often looking at a single type of water. Most of us are not aware that there are a number of different types of water that are used for very different tasks. The three types of water are drinking water, working grade water and utility grade water. Let’s take a closer look at these different types of water and what they are used for.What are the Three Different Types of Water

Drinking Water

Drinking water is the type of water that we are most often concerned with on a daily basis. We all need clean water every day for drinking, cooking and showering. This water is disinfected and purified to make it cleaner and safer to use in our homes. Modern water treatment plants typically use chlorine as a disinfectant to kill any viruses or bacteria present. Despite these efforts, other contaminants, such as heavy metals, chemicals contaminants, and chlorine byproducts may still be present in significant concentrations. For these reasons many people add water treatment systems to their homes to improve the quality of their drinking water supplies.

Working Grade Water

This grade of water is used in the home, but it’s not typically used for drinking, cooking and bathing purposes. Working grade water is still treated for bacteria and viruses. It needs to be higher in quality because it will run through your home plumbing. A home water test will be typically carried out on either the drinking water or the working grade water in your home. This water could be used for drinking purposes, but it should be tested first to be absolutely sure.

Utility Grade Water

Utility grade water is water that isn’t required to go through a water treatment process. This water is fine for a variety of mundane tasks, such as watering lawns, cleaning cars and washing down exterior surfaces. This water should not be used for drinking or cooking, and it may even contain harmful bacteria and viruses. After using utility grade water, it’s a good idea to clean your hands using drinking or working grade water and a strong antibacterial soap. This will clean away any remaining waterborne contaminants that may still be on your hands.

The Importance of Water Testing

Maintaining high water quality levels is vital for drinking, cleaning, and even bathing purposes. A number of studies have shown that chlorine byproducts can be harmful if inhaled when showering and this can cause a number of health issues. The different types of water in your home should be tested to make sure that they are safe for everyday use. A simple water test can be carried out easily at home, but more detailed and accurate results can only be achieved with a certified laboratory water test.

Understanding the differences between these three grades of water should help you in your water conservation efforts. It will also help you to identify where you can add water treatment options to improve the quality of your drinking water.

By Mark Williams (NicMar President Mark Williams holds degrees in Applied Science and Industrial Thermodynamics, along with Agricultural Mechanization and Systems Engineering from Ohio State University.  He also holds the highest possible industry ranking, being WQA (Water Quality Association) LEVEL 6 Certified.)


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