The Different Sources of Water for Your Home

The Different Sources of Water for Your Home

In the U.S. we all receive water in our homes at the turn of a faucet, but where does this water come from? This seems like it would be an easy question to answer, but there are actually multiple different sources of water that could be supplying your home. Knowing where your water is sourced could be helpful in determining how that water should be treated for your home. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most common sources of domestic water.

Groundwater and Surface Water

The ultimate source of all the water that comes into your home is usually from one or two places; they are groundwater and surface water. The groundwater sources supply various types of wells and aquifers. Surface water sources include sources, such as streams, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. According to the USGS, approximately 258 million people in the U.S. rely on public water suppliers to deliver water to their homes.

Different Types of Public Water Systems

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has defined three specific types of public water systems.

  • A Community Water System: This is a public water system that’s used to supply water to the same population all year round.
  • A Non-Transient Non-Community Water System: This is a public water system that will regularly supply water to at least 25 of the same people for at least six months in any year. Some common examples would include hospitals, factories, schools and office buildings, all of which have their own water supplies.
  • Transient Non-Community Water Systems: This is a public water system that provides water in a location where people don’t stay around for long periods of time, such as campgrounds and gas stations.

If you’re one of the 43 million people not relying on a public supplier for your water, your water is probably sourced from a well, cistern, stream or pond. In fact, around 98% of the self supplied water according to the USGS is sourced from groundwater wells.

What is the Significance for Your Home?

It’s important to know where you water is sourced from so that you can help to keep it safe to use. The EPA does regulate all public water suppliers to make sure that the water coming into your home is safe to drink. Despite this, the public water suppliers will add chemicals to the water, such as chlorine and fluoride. Some people dislike these chemicals that are added to disinfect the water and improve the health of teeth. They find the taste unpalatable and prefer to have cleaner water for their homes.

Private wells, cisterns, streams, and ponds are not regulated by the EPA, and the water can be filled with a wide variety of contaminants. For this reason, it’s vital to treat your water properly to ensure that it’s safe to consume and use for other tasks in your home.

In Conclusion

As you can see there many different water sources that may be supplying your home. It’s now very popular to secure your home water quality by adding your own water treatment systems. There are water treatment systems to deal with a wide variety of water quality issues. A local certified water treatment specialist will be able to give you detailed advice on the water conditions in your area.

By Mark Williams (NicMar President Mark Williams holds degrees in Applied Science and Industrial Thermodynamics, along with Agricultural Mechanization and Systems Engineering from Ohio State University.  He also holds the highest possible industry ranking, being WQA (Water Quality Association) LEVEL 6 Certified.

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999 Baltimore Road York SpringsPA17372 USA 
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