Locating a Residential Water Well

Locating a Residential Water Well 


If you decide that you want to add a residential water well to your property, you may be aware that locating the well can be a frustrating project without some professional advice. State and local government offices will need to be consulted about where the well could be placed, and the location will also be impacted by other structures in the area. This means that correctly placing a new well will require assistance from a professional well driller, who has the experience and expertise to identify a safe space that is in line with the regulations. Here, we will explore the process a little further, so you have all the details you need to make an informed decision.

The Geology of Your Property:Locating a Residential Water Well

The first stage of locating a new well is completing a full geological study of the land. This provides the information about water quality and previous locations of wells. Most states require that well drilling projects are recorded for future reference in public records. This data includes where and how the well is placed, the depth of the well and the type of pump installed. These records will be made available to future homebuyers, so they may determine if the water system can sufficiently provide for their requirements. These records will also detail if previous wells have experienced issues or have run dry.

The Regulations:

There are very strict local and state regulations that dictate where a pump can be placed in relation to the home or any other developments. For example, a five bedroom home requires that the pump is setback 75 feet from the septic system and property line. While these regulations may seem pedantic, many are implemented for your protection, as water quality can be affected by runoff. Some of the regulations are also in place to ensure that wetlands and streams are protected from damage. It is vital that you investigate the regulations in your particular area to ensure that you are in compliance.

Safe Digging:

Before any digging can take place, you will need to confirm that the area is safe. Modern homes have a vast array of underground lines to provide electricity, gas and other services. Before drilling, all buried lines will need to be located and marked. It is important for safety that you stay at least 15 feet from any service lines. Additionally, knowledge of previous wells and water table underground conditions will assist you in determining the location that would offer the best results. Generally, drilling down into the bedrock will ensure consistency and quality of your new well, but your new well should not adversely impact any other wells nearby.

Remember that every well installation is different, so significant research into the property, and geological conditions is needed for the best results. You are likely to regret trying to cut corners during the research stage as you may find that you are not protected from contamination.

If you are interested in locating a new well on your property and would like to explore the water conditions in the area, you should speak to a water professional. A fully WQA certified professional will be able to discuss common water issues in the area and suggest treatment options that exceed industry standards.


Contact NicMar Water for your water needs.

About The Author: Mark Williams (NicMar Water President Mark Williams holds degrees in Applied Science and Industrial Thermodynamics, along with Agricultural Mechanization and Systems Engineering from Ohio State University. He also holds the highest possible industry ranking, being WQA (Water Quality Association) LEVEL 6 Certified.)

Back to top

Print Friendly
Nicmar Water
999 Baltimore Road York SpringsPA17372 USA 
 • 800-542-8649

Water Solution Center

Educational Center